Exploring the efficacy and safety of Ambroxol in Gaucher disease: an overview of clinical studies

Feda E. Mohamed, Fatma Al-Jasmi

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Gaucher disease (GD) is mainly caused by glucocerebrosidase (GCase) enzyme deficiency due to genetic variations in the GBA1 gene leading to the toxic accumulation of sphingolipids in various organs, which causes symptoms such as anemia, thrombocytopenia, hepatosplenomegaly, and neurological manifestations. GD is clinically classified into the non-neuronopathic type 1, and the acute and chronic neuronopathic forms, types 2 and 3, respectively. In addition to the current approved GD medications, the repurposing of Ambroxol (ABX) has emerged as a prospective enzyme enhancement therapy option showing its potential to enhance mutated GCase activity and reduce glucosylceramide accumulation in GD-affected tissues of different GBA1 genotypes. The variability in response to ABX varies across different variants, highlighting the diversity in patients’ therapeutic outcomes. Its oral availability and safety profile make it an attractive option, particularly for patients with neurological manifestations. Clinical trials are essential to explore further ABX’s potential as a therapeutic medication for GD to encourage pharmaceutical companies’ investment in its development. This review highlights the potential of ABX as a pharmacological chaperone therapy for GD and stresses the importance of addressing response variability in clinical studies to improve the management of this rare and complex disorder.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1335058
JournalFrontiers in Pharmacology
Volume15
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2024

Keywords

  • Ambroxol
  • Gaucher disease
  • drug repurposing
  • enzyme enhancement therapy
  • glucocerebrosidase enzyme
  • inborn error of metabolism
  • pharmacological chaperones
  • sphingolipidoses

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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