Exploring the impact of various cooking techniques on the physicochemical and quality characteristics of camel meat product

Mouza Bahwan, Waqas N. Baba, Oladipupo Adiamo, Hassan Mohammed Hassan, Ume Roobab, Olalere Olusegun Abayomi, Sajid Maqsood

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of four different cooking techniques viz: boiling, grilling, microwave, and frying; on the physicochemical characteristics of camel meat. Methods: Protein composition and their degradation as well as biochemical and textural changes of camel meat as influenced by cooking methods were investigated. Results: The highest cooking loss (52.61%) was reported in microwaved samples while grilled samples showed the lowest cooking loss (44.98%). The microwaved samples showed the highest levels of lipid oxidation as measured by thiobarbituric acid reactive substances, while boiled samples showed the lowest levels (4.5 mg/kg). Protein solubility, total collagen, and soluble collagen content were highest in boiled samples. Boiled camel meat had lower hardness values compared to the other treated samples. Consequently, boiling was the more suitable cooking technique for producing camel meat with a reduced hardness value and lower lipid oxidation level. Conclusion: The camel meat industry and camel meat consumer can benefit from this research by improving their commercial viability and making consumers aware about the effects of cooking procedures on the quality of camel meat. The results of this study will be of significance to researchers and readers who are working on the processing and quality of camel meat.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1747-1756
Number of pages10
JournalAnimal Bioscience
Volume36
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2023

Keywords

  • Biochemical Changes
  • Camel Meat Product
  • Cooking Methods
  • Lipid
  • Protein
  • Textural Characteristics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Physiology
  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Genetics
  • General Veterinary

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