Exploring visitor perceptions towards urban park design and levels of enclosure: A case study from the UAE

Amna Gargoum, Ali S. Gargoum

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    2 Citations (Scopus)


    As cities transition towards urbanization and sustainability, designing attractive green spaces and urban parks is an important issue to planners and urban designers. One factor believed to have some impact on a park's attractiveness is level of enclosure. Despite the importance of such a factor in identifying types of park visitors and frequency of visits, a limited amount of research has attempted to statistically model impacts of level enclosure on a park's attractiveness. To address this gap, this article explores impacts of multiple physical characteristics, including levels of enclosure, on park attractiveness and user behavior. Activities in two parks in Al Ain, United Arab Emirates (UAE) were studied using field observations, photography, interviews, and statistical analysis. Field observations were utilized to model people's attitude while using parks. Logistic regression was employed to the field observations to investigate associations between different factors and park attractiveness. Results indicated levels of enclosure had a direct influence on park users. Gender, age, and ethnicity were also found statistically significant determinates of park visitor attitudes and park choice. Traces of territorial behaviors and social conflicts were also observed.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)425-443
    Number of pages19
    JournalPerspectives on Global Development and Technology
    Issue number4
    Publication statusPublished - 2021


    • Behavioral patterns
    • Enclosure
    • GIS mapping
    • Logistic regression
    • Urban parks design

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Health(social science)
    • Geography, Planning and Development
    • Education
    • Development
    • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)


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