Extraction and Characterization of Natural Fibers from Citrullus lanatus Climber

Anish Khan, R. Vijay, D. Lenin Singaravelu, M. R. Sanjay, Suchart Siengchin, Mohammad Jawaid, Khalid A. Alamry, Abdullah M. Asiri

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

60 Citations (Scopus)


The growing environmental awareness toward the replacement of non-biodegradable materials with biodegradable materials has led many researchers for looking at many bio-based materials to suit various applications. This study objective to evaluate the morphology and properties of fibers extracted from Citrullus lanatus climber. The physical-chemical, thermal, mechanical, crystalline, morphological characteristics of Citrullus lanatus climber fibers were examined by Fourier transform-infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), single fiber tension test, X-ray diffraction (XRD), and scanning electron microscope (SEM). The test results showed cellulose content (53.7 wt. %), density (1227 kg/m3), crystallinity index (33.33%) which prove that Citrullus lanatus climber fibers can be used as reinforcement for light-weight medium load applications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)621-629
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Natural Fibers
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2022
Externally publishedYes


  • Citrullus lanatus climber fibers
  • natural fiber
  • scanning Electron Microscope (SEM)
  • X-ray diffraction (XRD)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science (miscellaneous)


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