Fabrication and characterization of polylactic acid/natural fiber extruded composites

Othman Y. Alothman, Sameer Awad, Ramengmawii Siakeng, Eman M. Khalaf, Hassan Fouad, Nasser M. Abd El-salam, Faraz Ahmed, M. Jawaid

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this work, the fabricated polylactic acid (PLA) and hybrid natural fiber (NF) biocomposites via a melt extrusion method were investigated. NFs from locally grown plants were utilized as fillers. Polyethene glycol (PEG) was used as the plasticizer to improve the processability of the PLA. The effect of PLA/NF biocomposite processing was assessed by mechanical characterization (tensile, modulus, strain at break, and impact tests), and thermal properties (thermogravimetric analysis and differential scanning calorimetry [DSC] analysis). The dynamic mechanical analysis (DMA), and thermo-mechanical analysis (TMA) of the samples were also analyzed. The mechanical properties of PLA/NF biocomposites improved as compared with that of PLA. The DMA findings show that the storage modulus and loss modulus exhibited a slight reduction for PLA/NF biocomposites compared with the PLA sample. In opposite, the glass transition temperature (Tg) from DSC thermogram results showed no obvious changes in values compared with the PLA sample. Furthermore, the findings of TMA showed a significant decrease in coefficient of thermal expansion values of PLA/NF biocomposites compared with those of PLA samples. The overall findings from this work indicated that PLA/NF biocomposites have the potential to make novel biocomposites and suitable for further application especially in biomedical applications due to its good stiffness, tensile strength, and dimensional stability.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1234-1245
Number of pages12
JournalPolymer Engineering and Science
Volume63
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2023
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • mechanical properties
  • morphological properties
  • natural fibers
  • polylactic acid
  • thermal properties

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Fabrication and characterization of polylactic acid/natural fiber extruded composites'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this