Fabrication and optimization of methylphenoxy substituted polyphosphazene nanofibers for biomedical applications

Lakshmi S. Nair, Subhabrata Bhattacharyya, Jared D. Bender, Yaser E. Greish, Paul W. Brown, Harry R. Allcock, Cato T. Laurencin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

160 Citations (Scopus)


Electrospinning has developed as a unique and versatile process to fabricate ultrathin fibers in the form of nonwoven meshes or as oriented arrays from a variety of polymers. The very small dimension of these fibers can generate a high surface area, which makes them potential candidates for various biomedical and industrial applications. The objective of the present study was to develop nanofibers from polyphosphazenes, a class of inorganic-organic polymers known for high biocompatibility, high-temperature stability, and low-temperature flexibility. Specifically, we evaluated the feasibility of developing bead-free nonwoven nanofiber mesh from poly [bis(p-methylphenoxy)phosphazene] (PNmPh) by electrospinning. The effect of process parameters such as nature of solvent, concentration of the polymer solution, effect of needle diameter, and applied potential on the diameter and morphology (beaded or bead-free) of resulting nanofibers were investigated. It was found that solution of PNmPh in chloroform at a concentration range of 7% (wt/v) to 9% (wt/v) can be readily electrospun to form bead-free fibers at room temperature. The mean diameter of the fibers obtained under optimized spinning condition was found to be approximately 1.2 μm. The bead-free, cylindrical nanofibers formed under the optimized condition showed a slightly irregular surface topography with indentations of a few nanometer scale. Further, the electrospun nanofiber mats supported the adhesion of bovine coronary artery endothelial cells (BCAEC) as well as promoted the adhesion and proliferation of osteoblast like MC3T3-E1 cells.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2212-2220
Number of pages9
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2004
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering
  • Biomaterials
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry


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