Fabrication of size-selected bimetallic nanoclusters using magnetron sputtering

Ahmad I. Ayesh, Naser Qamhieh, Saleh T. Mahmoud, Hussain Alawadhi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Citations (Scopus)


Copper-tin (CuxSn1-x) nanocluster is a promising system for gas sensing applications, mainly because of its sensitivity and selectivity for H2S. In this work, pure Sn and Cu as well as composite Cu xSn1-x nanoclusters were synthesized using the dc magnetron sputtering gas condensation technique. Nanoclusters with different Sn to Cu ratios were produced by changing the ratio of Sn and Cu in the target. The dependence of Sn, Cu, and CuxSn1-x nanoclusters' size distribution on various source parameters, such as the inert gas flow rate and aggregation length, has been investigated in detail. The results show that as the inert gas flow rate increases, the mean nanocluster size increases for Sn, decreases for Cu, while increases and then decreases for CuxSn 1-x. The results could be understood in terms of the contribution percentage of the nanocluster formation mechanism. Furthermore, this work demonstrates the ability of tuning the CuxSn1-x nanoclusters' size and composition by a proper optimization of the source operation conditions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2441-2446
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Materials Research
Issue number18
Publication statusPublished - Oct 14 2012


  • CuSn nanoclusters
  • inert gas condensation
  • nanocluster formation mechanism
  • nanocluster size selection
  • sputtering

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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