The regio- and stereochemical polar [3 + 2] cycloaddition of azomethine ylides, which were generated in situ by the reaction of isatin and sarcosine or benzylamine, with (E)-3-aryl-1-(pyren-1-yl)prop-2-en-1-ones as dipolarophiles, was studied using experimental and theoretical methods. The chemical structures and relative configurations of all products have been fully established by 1D and 2D homonuclear and heteronuclear correlation NMR spectrometry. The effects of the electronic and steric factors of the reactions were discussed. The photophysical properties of the synthesized spiro[indoline-3,2′-pyrrolidin]-2-ones and 5′-phenyl-spiro[indoline-3,2′-pyrrolidin]-2-ones were studied. The mechanism of the reactions was investigated using global and local reactivity indices and frontier molecular orbital (FMO) analysis at the B3LYP/6-31G level of theory. The relationship between the electrophilicity index ω of the dipolarophiles and the Hammett constant σp has been studied. The theoretical scale of reactivity correctly explains the electrophilic activation/deactivation effects promoted by electron-withdrawing and electron-releasing substituents in the para-position of the dipolarophiles.
|Number of pages||12|
|Publication status||Published - 2018|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Chemical Engineering(all)