We numerically solve the coupled-nonlinear two-dimensional Dirac equations that describe a virtual spin-1/2 system with cubic nonlinearity.We find that this set of equations supports only oscillatory solutions in the non-relativistic limit and families of discrete localized solutions in the relativistic limit. Each family of the localized solutions is characterized by a constant central amplitude value. Each solution within a family is characterized by a number of nodes and a discrete energy eigenvalue, which is bounded by the rest mass of the particle. We study the effect of different parameters on the localized solutions.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- General Physics and Astronomy