Federated Patient Similarity Network for Data-Driven Diagnosis of COVID-19 Patients

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Sensitive patient data is generated from a variety of sources and then transferred to a cloud for processing. Therefore, it is exposed to security and privacy and may lead to an increase in communication costs. Edge computing will ease computing pressure through distributed computational capabilities while improving security and privacy. In this paper, we propose a Federated PSN (FPSN) model where the model is moved directly to the edge to minimize computation and communication costs. PSN has been applied as a successful approach in categorizing and diagnosing patients based on similarities against some clinical and non-clinical features. Our proposed model distributes processing at each edge node, then fuses the constructed PSN matrices at the cloud premises, which significantly reduce the model's training and inference time and ensures quick model updates with the local client/nodes. In this paper, we propose: (i) an algorithm to evaluate patient's data similarity at the edge; and (ii) an algorithm to implement the federated similarity network fusion at the Cloud. We conducted a set of experiments to evaluate our FPSN model against other machine learning algorithms using a COVID-19 dataset. The results obtained prove that the FPSN model accuracy is higher than the distributed PSNs at various edges and higher than the accuracies of other classification models.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2021 IEEE/ACS 18th International Conference on Computer Systems and Applications, AICCSA 2021 - Proceedings
PublisherIEEE Computer Society
ISBN (Electronic)9781665409698
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021
Event18th IEEE/ACS International Conference on Computer Systems and Applications, AICCSA 2021 - Virtual, Online, Morocco
Duration: Nov 30 2021Dec 3 2021

Publication series

NameProceedings of IEEE/ACS International Conference on Computer Systems and Applications, AICCSA
Volume2021-December
ISSN (Print)2161-5322
ISSN (Electronic)2161-5330

Conference

Conference18th IEEE/ACS International Conference on Computer Systems and Applications, AICCSA 2021
Country/TerritoryMorocco
CityVirtual, Online
Period11/30/2112/3/21

Keywords

  • COVID-19
  • Deep Learning
  • Edge Computing
  • Federated Learning
  • Federated PSN
  • Neural Networks
  • Patient Similarity Network
  • Precision Medicine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Hardware and Architecture
  • Signal Processing
  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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