Fibonacci sequence based multipath load balancing approach for mobile ad hoc networks

Yahya Tashtoush, Omar Darwish, Mohammad Hayajneh

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    32 Citations (Scopus)


    This paper explores Fibonacci Multipath Load Balancing protocol (FMLB) for Mobile Ad Hoc Networks (MANETs). The FMLB protocol distributes transmitted packets over multiple paths through the mobile nodes using Fibonacci sequence. Such distribution can increase the delivery ratio since it reduces the congestion. The FMLB protocol's responsibility is balancing the packets transmission over the selected paths and ordering them according to hops count. The shortest path is used more frequently than the other ones. The simulation results show that the FMLB protocol has achieved an enhancement on packet delivery ratio, up to 21%, as compared to the Ad Hoc On-demand Distance Vector routing protocol (AODV) protocol, and up to 11% over the linear Multiple-path routing protocol. Also the results show the effect of nodes pause time and speed on each of the data delivery ratio and End-to-End (E2E) delay transmission time. Finally, the simulation results are obtained by the well-known Glomosim Simulator, version 2.03, without any distance or location measurements devices.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)237-246
    Number of pages10
    JournalAd Hoc Networks
    Publication statusPublished - May 2014


    • Congestion
    • Fibonacci series
    • Load balancing
    • MANETs
    • Multipath

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Software
    • Hardware and Architecture
    • Computer Networks and Communications


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