Financial access to healthcare among persons with disabilities in the Kumasi Metropolis, Ghana

Eric Badu, Maxwell Peprah Opoku, Seth Christopher Yaw Appiah, Elvis Agyei-Okyere

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: According to the World Health Organisation, 10% to 15% of the population of every developing country lives with disability. This amounts to about 2.4 - 3.6 million Ghanaians with disability. Since their contribution is important for the development of the country, this study aimed to assess the financial access to healthcare among persons with disabilities in the Kumasi Metropolis of Ghana. Methods: A cross-sectional study, involving administration of a semistructured questionnaire, was conducted among persons with all kinds of disabilities (physically challenged, hearing and visually impaired) in the Kumasi Metropolis. Multi-stage sampling was used to randomly select 255 persons with disabilities from 5 clusters of communities-Oforikrom, Subin, Asewase, Tafo and Asokwa. Data analysis involved descriptive and analytical statistics at 95% CI using SPSS software version 20. Results: There were more male than female participants, nearly one-third of them had no formal education and 28.6% were unemployed. The average monthly expenditure on healthcare was GHC 21.46 (USD 6.0) which constituted 9.8% of the respondents’ income. Factors such as age, gender, disability type, education, employment, and whether or not they stayed with family members had significant bearing on the average monthly expenses on healthcare (p<0.05). Transportation cost, the travel distance to facilities, and the regular sources of payment for healthcare, had significant relationship with access to healthcare (p<0.05). Although about 63.5% of the respondents used the National Health Insurance Scheme as the regular source of payment for healthcare, 94.1% reported that sources of payment did not cover all their expenses and equipment. Conclusion: Financial access to healthcare remains a major challenge for persons with disabilities. Measures to finance all healthcare expenses of persons with disabilities are urgently needed to improve their acc ess to healthcare.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)47-64
Number of pages18
JournalAsia Pacific Disability Rehabilitation Journal
Volume26
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Financial access
  • Kumasi Metropolis
  • Persons with disabilities

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Research and Theory
  • Fundamentals and skills
  • Community and Home Care

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