Fintech and environmental efficiency: The dual role of foreign direct investment in G20 nations

Myne Uddin, Abu Bakkar Siddik, Zhao Yuhuan, Muhammad Abubakr Naeem

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


This study investigates the relationship between financial technology (fintech) and environmental efficiency across G20 countries, emphasizing the moderating effect of foreign direct investment (FDI) from 2010 to 2022. Employing Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) through both Slack-Based Measure (SBM) and Epsilon-Based Measure (EBM), alongside Tobit regression and the Generalized Method of Moments (GMM) for analytical rigor, the research reveals that fintech exerts a positive influence on environmental efficiency within these countries. Furthermore, it demonstrates that FDI contributes to enhancing environmental efficiency. However, when FDI is combined with fintech investments, it yields a negative impact. This detrimental effect stems from FDI's emphasis on short-term gains, rapid expansion, and a globally oriented supply chain that favors cost efficiency at the expense of sustainability. The study highlights the necessity for investments in fintech that comply with environmental standards and offers policy recommendations to improve environmental efficiency. It urges policymakers to promote environmentally sustainable investment practices within the fintech sector to aid in achieving sustainable development goals.

Original languageEnglish
Article number121211
JournalJournal of Environmental Management
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2024
Externally publishedYes


  • Data envelopment analysis
  • Environmental efficiency
  • Fintech
  • Foreign direct investment
  • G20 countries

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law


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