Flexural and interfacial behavior of FRP-strengthened reinforced concrete beams

Hussien Abdel Baky, Usama A. Ebead, Kenneth W. Neale

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

75 Citations (Scopus)


Although there is a large amount of experimental data available on the fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) strengthening of concrete structures, a full understanding of the various debonding phenomena is somewhat lacking. As a contribution to fill this need, two-dimensional and three-dimensional (3D) nonlinear displacement-controlled finite-element (FE) models are developed to investigate the flexural and FRP/concrete interfacial responses of FRP-strengthened reinforced concrete beams. Interface elements are used to simulate the FRP/concrete interfacial behavior before and after cracking. The analysis is carried out using two different relations for the interface; namely, nonlinear and bilinear bond-slip laws. The results predicted using these two laws are compared to those based on the full-bond assumption. The FE models are capable of simulating the various failure modes, including debonding of the FRP, either at the plate end or at intermediate cracks. The 3D model is created to accommodate cases of FRP-strengthened reinforced concrete beams utilizing FRP anchorage systems. In addition, the models successfully represent the actual interfacial behavior at the vicinities of cracks including the stress/slip concentrations and fluctuations. Results are presented in terms of the ultimate load carrying capacities, failure modes and deformational characteristics. Special emphasis is placed on the FRP/concrete interfacial behavior and cracking of the concrete. The numerical results are compared to available experimental data for 25 specimens categorized in six series, and they show a very good agreement.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)629-639
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Composites for Construction
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2007


  • Bonding
  • Concrete beams
  • Concrete, reinforced
  • Fiber reinforced polymers
  • Finite element method
  • Flexural strength
  • Shear stress

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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