Fluorescence turn on amine detection in a cationic covalent organic framework

Gobinda Das, Bikash Garai, Thirumurugan Prakasam, Farah Benyettou, Sabu Varghese, Sudhir Kumar Sharma, Felipe Gándara, Renu Pasricha, Maria Baias, Ramesh Jagannathan, Na’il Saleh, Mourad Elhabiri, Mark A. Olson, Ali Trabolsi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

47 Citations (Scopus)


Ionic covalent organic frameworks (iCOFs) are new examples of porous materials and have shown great potential for various applications. When functionalized with suitable emission sites, guest uptake via the ionic moieties of iCOFs can cause a significant change in luminescence, making them excellent candidates for chemosensors. In here, we present a luminescence sensor in the form of an ionic covalent organic framework (TGH+•PD) composed of guanidinium and phenanthroline moieties for the detection of ammonia and primary aliphatic amines. TGH+•PD exhibits strong emission enhancement in the presence of selective primary amines due to the suppression of intramolecular charge transfer (ICT) with an ultra-low detection limit of 1.2 × 10‒7 M for ammonia. The presence of ionic moieties makes TGH+•PD highly dispersible in water, while deprotonation of the guanidinium moiety by amines restricts its ICT process and signals their presence by enhanced fluorescence emission. The presence of ordered pore walls introduces size selectivity among analyte molecules, and the iCOF has been successfully used to monitor meat products that release biogenic amine vapors upon decomposition due to improper storage.

Original languageEnglish
Article number3904
JournalNature Communications
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2022

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemistry
  • General Biochemistry,Genetics and Molecular Biology
  • General Physics and Astronomy


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