Food allergy in children-the current status and the way forward

Ahmed Elghoudi, Hassib Narchi

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Food allergy in children is a major health concern, and its prevalence is rising. It is often over-diagnosed by parents, resulting occasionally in unnecessary exclusion of some important food. It also causes stress, anxiety, and even depression in parents and affects the family's quality of life. Current diagnostic tests are useful when interpreted in the context of the clinical history, although cross-sensitivity and inability to predict the severity of the allergic reactions remain major limitations. Although the oral food challenge is the current gold standard for making the diagnosis, it is only available to a small number of patients because of its requirement in time and medical personnel. New diagnostic methods have recently emerged, such as the Component Resolved Diagnostics and the Basophil Activation Test, but their use is still limited, and the latter lacks standardisation. Currently, there is no definite treatment available to induce life-long natural tolerance and cure for food allergy. Presently available treatments only aim to decrease the occurrence of anaphylaxis by enabling the child to tolerate small amounts of the offending food, usually taken by accident. New evidence supports the early introduction of the allergenic food to infants to decrease the incidence of food allergy. If standardised and widely implemented, this may result in decreasing the prevalence of food allergy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)253-269
Number of pages17
JournalWorld Journal of Clinical Pediatrics
Volume11
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 1 2022

Keywords

  • Allergens
  • Anaphylaxis
  • Basophil activation test
  • Desensitisation
  • Eosinophilic gastrointestinal diseases
  • Histamine
  • Immunoglobulin E
  • Mast cells
  • Oral food challenge
  • Oral immunotherapy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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