FRP composites for shear strengthening of reinforced concrete deep beams with openings

Tamer El Maaddawy, Sayed Sherif

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

114 Citations (Scopus)


This paper presents the results of a research work aimed at examining the potential use of externally bonded carbon fiber reinforced polymer (CFRP) composite sheets as a strengthening solution to upgrade reinforced concrete (RC) deep beams with openings. A total of 13 deep beams with openings were constructed and tested under four-point bending. Test specimen had a cross section of 80 × 500 mm and a total length of 1200 mm. Two square openings, one in each shear span, were placed symmetrically about the mid-point of the beam. Test parameters included the opening size, location, and the presence of the CFRP sheets. The structural response of RC deep beams with openings was primarily dependent on the degree of the interruption of the natural load path. Externally bonded CFRP shear strengthening around the openings was found very effective in upgrading the shear strength of RC deep beams. The strength gain caused by the CFRP sheets was in the range of 35-73%. A method of analysis for shear strength prediction of RC deep beams containing openings strengthened with CFRP sheets was studied and examined against test results.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)60-69
Number of pages10
JournalComposite Structures
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2009


  • Concrete
  • Deep beams
  • FRP
  • Openings
  • Strengthening

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Civil and Structural Engineering


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