Function of chloroplasts in plant stress responses

Yun Song, Li Feng, Mohammed Abdul Muhsen Alyafei, Abdul Jaleel, Maozhi Ren

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

49 Citations (Scopus)


The chloroplast has a central position in oxygenic photosynthesis and primary metabolism. In addition to these functions, the chloroplast has recently emerged as a pivotal regulator of plant responses to abiotic and biotic stress conditions. Chloroplasts have their own independent genomes and gene-expression machinery and synthesize phytohormones and a diverse range of secondary metabolites, a significant portion of which contribute the plant response to adverse conditions. Furthermore, chloroplasts communicate with the nucleus through retrograde signaling, for instance, reactive oxygen signaling. All of the above facilitate the chloroplast’s exquisite flexibility in responding to environmental stresses. In this review, we summarize recent findings on the involvement of chloroplasts in plant regulatory responses to various abiotic and biotic stresses including heat, chilling, salinity, drought, high light environmental stress conditions, and pathogen invasions. This review will enrich the better understanding of interactions between chloroplast and environmental stresses, and will lay the foundation for genetically enhancing plant-stress acclimatization.

Original languageEnglish
Article number13464
JournalInternational journal of molecular sciences
Issue number24
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2021


  • Abiotic stress
  • Biotic stress
  • Chloroplast
  • Plant regulatory response

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Molecular Biology
  • Spectroscopy
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry


Dive into the research topics of 'Function of chloroplasts in plant stress responses'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this