Functional capacity of macrophages determines the induction of type 1 diabetes

E. P.K. Mensah-Brown, A. Shahin, Khatija Parekh, A. Al Hakim, M. Al Shamisi, D. K. Hsu, M. L. Lukic

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

18 Citations (Scopus)


Macrophages are potent immune regulators and are critical in the development and pathogenesis of autoimmune diabetes. They are said to be the first cell type to infiltrate the pancreatic islet, serve as antigen-presenting cells, and are important as effector cells during diabetogenesis. The article examines the role of macrophages in autoimmune diabetes with particular emphasis on the role of galectin-3, a β-galactoside-binding lectin, and T1/ST2, an IL-1 receptor-like protein, both of which play significant roles in the immunomodulatory functions of macrophages. Multiple low-dose streptozotocin (MLD-STZ) induces infiltration of mononuclear cells in the islets of susceptible strains leading to insulitis. Deletion of the galectin-3 gene from C57BL/6 mice significantly attenuates this effect as evaluated by quantitative histology of mononuclear cells and loss of insulin-producing β cells. In contrast, deletion of the ST2 gene enhanced insulitis after MLD-STZ treatment when compared with relatively resistant wild-type BALB/c mice. Thus, it appears that functional capacity of macrophages influences their participation in T helper (Th) 1-mediated autoimmunity and the development of autoimmune diabetogenesis.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationDiabetes Mellitus and Its Complications
Subtitle of host publicationMolecular Mechanisms, Epidemiology, and Clinical Medicine
PublisherBlackwell Publishing Inc.
Number of pages9
ISBN (Print)1573316350, 9781573316354
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2006

Publication series

NameAnnals of the New York Academy of Sciences
ISSN (Print)0077-8923
ISSN (Electronic)1749-6632


  • Autoimmunity
  • Galectin-3
  • Multiple low-dose streptozotocin
  • ST2

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Neuroscience
  • General Biochemistry,Genetics and Molecular Biology
  • History and Philosophy of Science


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