Galectin-3 and Autophagy in Renal Acute Tubular Necrosis

Suhail Al-Salam, Govindan S. Jagadeesh, Manjusha Sudhadevi, Javed Yasin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a public health burden with increasing morbidity and mortality rates and health care costs. Acute tubular necrosis (ATN) is the most common cause of AKI. Cisplatin (CIS) is a platinum-based chemotherapeutic agent used in the treatment of a wide variety of malignancies such as lung, breast, ovary, testis, bladder, cervix, and head and neck cancers. Autophagy plays an important role in AKI. Galectin-3 (Gal-3) is significantly increased in renal tubules in AKI; however, its role in autophagy is not well understood. Male C57B6/J and B6.Cg-Lgals3 <tm 1 Poi>/J Gal-3 knockout (KO) mice were used to induce AKI using a CIS mouse model of ATN. Renal Gal-3 and autophagy proteins’ expression were measured using standard histologic, immunofluorescent, and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay techniques. The data were presented as the mean ± S.E. Statistically significant differences (p < 0.05) were calculated between experimental groups and corresponding control groups by one-way analysis of variance. There was a significant increase in renal concentrations of Gal-3 in the Gal-3 wild-type CIS-treated mice when compared with sham control mice. There were significantly higher concentrations of renal LC3B, ATG13, Ulk-1, Beclin, ATG5, ATG12, ATG9A, and p-AMPK in the CIS-treated Gal-3 KO mice than in the Gal-3 wild-type CIS-treated mice. Further, there were significantly higher concentrations of mTOR, p- NF-κB, beta-catenin, and p62 in the kidneys of the Gal-3 wild-type CIS-treated mice than in the Gal-3 KO CIS-treated mice. Our findings affirm the connection between Gal-3 and autophagy, revealing its central role as a connector with prosurvival signaling proteins. Gal-3 plays a pivotal role in orchestrating cellular responses by interacting with prosurvival signal pathways and engaging with autophagy proteins. Notably, our observations highlight that the absence of Gal-3 can enhance autophagy in CIS-induced ATN.

Original languageEnglish
Article number3604
JournalInternational journal of molecular sciences
Volume25
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2024

Keywords

  • acute tubular necrosis
  • autophagy
  • cell survival signals
  • galectin-3
  • kidney
  • macroautophagy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Molecular Biology
  • Spectroscopy
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry

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