Gender Differences Among Youth: Education to Job Transitions in Azerbaijan, Georgia and Tajikistan

Michael Gebel, Kseniia Gatskova, Tatiana Karabchuk

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


Despite education expansion, decreasing fertility rate and economic progress, women still face labor market integration problems and labor market disadvantages compared to men around the world. This applies also to the region of the Caucasus and Central Asia (CCA) and especially to Muslim societies of the CCA region due to the general weak labor market attachment of women in Muslim countries. As gender inequalities emerge already quite early in the working life this chapter focuses on gender inequalities in the transition from education to work. The key research question is how strong gender inequality is among young people who are transiting from school to work in Azerbaijan, Georgia, and Tajikistan. The nationally representative, retrospective life history data from the TEW-CCA “Youth Transitions Surveys” of Azerbaijan, Georgia, and Tajikistan 2017 are used to answer the research question. The gender inequality is described here in various aspects of the transition from education to work. First, the labor market inactivity decision is examined. Second, among those who are active in the labor market, it is investigated how much time it takes from the time of graduation until the moment of finding a first job. Third, the quality of the first job obtained is analyzed in terms of chances of getting access to formal sector jobs. Comparing results across the three countries will allow us to highlight cross-country similarities and differences that are expected because Soviet institutional legacy and varying economic and cultural conditions.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationGendering Post-Soviet Space
Subtitle of host publicationDemography, Labor Market and Values in Empirical Research
PublisherSpringer Singapore
Number of pages23
ISBN (Electronic)9789811593581
ISBN (Print)9789811593574
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2021


  • Azerbaijan
  • Employment
  • Gender differences
  • Georgia
  • Job search
  • Tajikistan
  • Youth

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Economics,Econometrics and Finance
  • General Business,Management and Accounting
  • General Social Sciences


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