Genetic polymorphisms and protein expression of P53 and BRCA1 in preneoplastic and neoplastic rat mammary glands

Wafa Al-Dhaheri, Imam Hassouna, Sherif M. Karam

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


Breast cancer is the most common type of cancer and the leading cause of cancer-related deaths among women in the United Arab Emirates and worldwide. Although many factors contribute to the high incidence of breast cancer, a considerable number of cases are related to environmental factors. In the present study, breast cancer was induced in female rats using a single dose, 80 mg/kg body wt, of the environmental carcinogen 7,12-dimethylbenz[a]anthracene (DMBA). The aim of the present study, was to characterize some of the molecular changes that occur during breast cancer development in the DMBA-treated rat model. Mammary gland tissues of control and DMBA-treated rats were processed for: i) immunohistochemical probing using anti-BRCA1 antibody to characterize and correlate the localization of this cell cycle protein during progression to cancer, ii) western blotting to analyze the alteration of p53 protein expression in preneoplastic and neoplastic lesions of the mammary glands, and iii) polymerase chain reactions using primers specific for BRCA1 and P53 genes followed by single stranded conformational polymorphism (SSCP) or restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) assays to detect possible mutations in these genes during development of breast cancer. Microscopic examination revealed a wide range of preneoplastic and neoplastic lesions providing a sequence representing the multistep process of breast cancer formation in DMBA-treated rats.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2193-2200
Number of pages8
JournalOncology Reports
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - May 2018


  • 12-dimethylbenz[a]anthracene
  • 7
  • BRCA1
  • Breast cancer
  • Carcinogenesis
  • P53

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research


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