Geothermal exploration using airborne gravity and magnetic data at Siwa Oasis, Western Desert, Egypt

Mohamed Abdel Zaher, Hakim Saibi, Khamis Mansour, Ahmed Khalil, Mamdouh Soliman

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

66 Citations (Scopus)


Siwa Oasis is a part of the greatest northern depression in the Egyptian Western Desert, located just 50 km east of the Libyan border. It represents one of the most interesting potential candidates for the development of the Northern Western Desert of Egypt. Temperature data from deep wells in the Western Desert of Egypt indicate low geothermal resources. Here, we present the contribution of airborne gravity and magnetic geophysical data for the preliminary exploration of geothermal potential in Siwa Oasis. To achieve this objective, a 3D inversion of aerogravity data was used to delineate the depths to basement rocks, while spectral analysis of the aeromagnetic data was used to estimate the Curie Point Depth (CPD) and provide geothermal gradient and heat flow maps for the Siwa Oasis. The depth to the Precambrian basement rock is commonly greater than 2 km, ranging from 2 km to 5 km, whereas the CPDs range from 21 km to 28 km. Our results imply an inverse relationship between these two depths, in which the deeper basement regions are associated with shallow Curie depths. The derived geothermal gradients range from 21 to 27 °C/km and the heat-flow values range from 49 to 64 mW/m2 for the study area.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3824-3832
Number of pages9
JournalRenewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2018


  • Aerogravity
  • Aeromagnetic
  • Curie Point Depth
  • Geothermal resources
  • Heat flow
  • Temperature gradients

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment


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