Gestational and pre-gestational diabetes: Comparison of maternal and fetal characteristics and outcome

K. O.El Mallah, H. Narchi, N. A. Kulaylat, M. S. Shaban

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

40 Citations (Scopus)


Objective: To determine the incidence of antenatal and intrapartum maternal and fetal complications of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and compare them with pre-gestational diabetes mellitus (pre-GDM) and non-diabetic pregnancies in our population. Study design: Nine-hundred and seventy-two women with gestational diabetes mellitus and 71 women with pre-gestational diabetes mellitus, and their offspring (delivered in our hospital between January 1991 and April 1994) were studied. Maternal and fetal prenatal and intrapartum complications were analyzed. Results: The incidence of GDM was 9.8%. The maternal complications included higher incidences of cesarean section and perineal lacerations in GDM and pre-GDM patients than in the non-diabetic pregnancies, and higher rates of macrosomia and hypoglycemic episodes in their offspring. Conclusion: The incidence of maternal, fetal and neonatal complications in GDM is similar to pre-GDM patients and their offspring. Both GDM and pre-GDM pregnancies and the offspring should, therefore, be monitored and managed identically.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)203-209
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Aug 1997
Externally publishedYes


  • Gestational diabetes
  • Maternal diabetes mellitus
  • Pre-gestational diabetes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology


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