This study examines the relationship between sentiment and the realized volatility of returns for different asset classes (stocks, bonds, foreign currency, and commodities). Specifically, we aim to answer two key questions: first, how does sentiment relate to volatility during crises (mainly during the global financial crisis [GFC] and the COVID-19 pandemic)? Second, can sentiment be used to forecast volatility during crises? Using two nonparametric methods, mutual information and transfer entropy, we find that information sharing and transfer increased during the pandemic. We also find that sentiment information transfer to the volatility of assets differed between the GFC and the COVID-19 crisis. Since sentiment can reduce uncertainty around the realized variance of assets, we investigate the forecasting ability of sentiment during crises. We find that sentiment has a greater predictive power on realized volatility during crises, with a differential impact on volatility depending on the asset class. Our findings carry important implications for hedging, risk management and building models to predict variance during crises.
- global financial crises
- mutual information
- transfer entropy
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Geography, Planning and Development