Glucose modulates copper induced changes in photosynthesis, ion uptake, antioxidants and proline in Cucumis sativus plants

Mohammad Yusuf, Alia S. Saeed Almehrzi, Alya J. Nasir Alnajjar, Pravej Alam, Nesma Elsayed, Radwan Khalil, Shamsul Hayat

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Glucose is recognized as signaling molecule that regulates growth and development of plants under various environmental cues, but their effect in regulation of copper induced toxicity in plants is not yet investigated. This study revealed the effect of exogenously sourced glucose on Cucumber plants exposed to increasing concentration of copper. Glucose mediated response on growth performance, photosynthetic efficiency, antioxidant enzymes, oxidative stress markers, ion uptake were analyzed in the presence and absence of copper. Glucose alone and in combination with lower concentration of copper improved the growth, photosynthetic performance, and antioxidant capacity of cucumber plants. However, higher concentrations of copper alone showed oxidative damage through increased electrolyte leakage, H2O2 accumulation, lipid peroxidation and reduced uptake of macronutrients. Application of glucose to copper-stressed plants enhanced activities of Rubisco, antioxidant enzymes, proline accumulation and maintained copper level in aerial parts of plants. These enhanced activities of antioxidant enzymes, proline accumulation, uptake of NPK and maintained equilibrium of copper in plants, leading to detoxification of copper stress in cucumber plants. This study provides an understanding that exogenous application of glucose can be employed as vital biochemical approach in alleviating copper-induced toxicity and could be utilized as phytoremediation technique for removal of excess transition metal from polluted soil.

Original languageEnglish
Article number108271
JournalCarbohydrate Research
Volume501
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2021

Keywords

  • Antioxidant enzymes
  • Copper stress
  • Glucose
  • Ion uptake
  • Photosynthesis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Biochemistry
  • Organic Chemistry

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