A series of pulsar timing arrays (PTAs) recently observed gravitational waves at the nanohertz frequencies. Motivated by this remarkable result, we present a novel class of Pati-Salam models that give rise to a network of metastable cosmic strings, offering a plausible explanation for the observed PTA data. Additionally, we introduce a hybrid inflationary scenario to eliminate magnetic monopoles that arise during the subsequent phase transitions from the Pati-Salam symmetry to the Standard Model gauge group. The resulting scalar spectral index is compatible with Planck data, and the tensor-to-scalar ratio is anticipated to be extremely small. Moreover, we incorporate a nonthermal leptogenesis to generate the required baryon asymmetry in our framework. Finally, the gravitational wave spectra generated by the metastable cosmic strings not only correspond to signals observed in recent PTAs, including NANOGrav, but are also within the exploration capacity of both present and future ground- and space-based experiments.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Nuclear and High Energy Physics