Gut microbiota signatures in inflammatory bowel disease

Marie Vibeke Vestergaard, Kristine H. Allin, Carsten Eriksen, Oliwia Zakerska-Banaszak, Ramesh P. Arasaradnam, Mohammad T. Alam, Karsten Kristiansen, Susanne Brix, Tine Jess

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD), including Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC), affect millions of people worldwide with increasing incidence. Objectives: Several studies have shown a link between gut microbiota composition and IBD, but results are often limited by small sample sizes. We aimed to re-analyze publicly available fecal microbiota data from IBD patients. Methods: We extracted original fecal 16S rRNA amplicon sequencing data from 45 cohorts of IBD patients and healthy individuals using the BioProject database at the National Center for Biotechnology Information. Unlike previous meta-analyses, we merged all study cohorts into a single dataset, including sex, age, geography, and disease information, based on which microbiota signatures were analyzed, while accounting for varying technical platforms. Results: Among 2518 individuals in the combined dataset, we discovered a hitherto unseen number of genera associated with IBD. A total of 77 genera associated with CD, of which 38 were novel associations, and a total of 64 genera associated with UC, of which 28 represented novel associations. Signatures were robust across different technical platforms and geographic locations. Reduced alpha diversity in IBD compared to healthy individuals, in CD compared to UC, and altered microbiota composition (beta diversity) in UC and especially in CD as compared to healthy individuals were found. Conclusions: Combining original microbiota data from 45 cohorts, we identified a hitherto unseen large number of genera associated with IBD. Identification of microbiota features robustly associated with CD and UC may pave the way for the identification of new treatment targets.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)22-33
Number of pages12
JournalUnited European Gastroenterology Journal
Volume12
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2024

Keywords

  • 16S rRNA amplicon sequencing
  • Crohn's disease
  • Faecalibacterium
  • IBD
  • Lachnospiraceae NK4A136 group
  • microbiome
  • microbiota
  • Roseburia
  • Turicibacter
  • ulcerative colitis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Gastroenterology

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Gut microbiota signatures in inflammatory bowel disease'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this