Background: The aim of this study was to determine whether the recurrence of symptoms or ulcer disease In patients with a history of perforated duodenal ulcer is related to Helicobacter pylori Infection. Methods: One hundred sixty-three consecutive patients with history of perforated duodenal ulcer unrelated to nonsteroidal anti-Inflammatory drugs underwent upper endoscopy. Any recurrent symptoms or complications were documented. Regardless of the endoscopic findings, three antral biopsy specimens were taken for histologic examination and a rapid urease test. Results: There was a preponderance of men (male/female = 5.3:1). The mean age was 55.9 years. Sixty-seven (41.1%) patients gave a history of recurrent epigastric pain, seven of whom also had a history of bleeding ulcer. Upper endoscopy was performed at a mean of 74.5 ± 7.1 months after operation. Positive endoscopic findings were noted In 68 (41.7%) patients; H pylori was found in the biopsy specimens from 77 (47.2%) patients. Recurrent duodenal ulcer was found in 29 (17.8%) patients and was significantly related to male gender, recurrent epigastric pain, bleeding ulcer, longer Interval from previous operation, and positive H pylori status. Positive H pylori status and male gender were Independent factors associated with recurrent duodenal ulcer. Conclusions: Recurrent ulcer disease In patients with a history of perforated duodenal ulcer Is related to H pylori Infection.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging