Hibiscus-cisplatin combination treatment decreases liver toxicity in rats while increasing toxicity in lung cancer cells via oxidative stress- apoptosis pathway

Alaaeldin Ahmed Hamza, Gehan Hussein Heeba, Soha Osama Hassanin, Hanan Mohamed Elwy, Amany Abdelrehim Bekhit, Amr Amin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Cisplatin (CIS) is a broad-spectrum anti-carcinogen that causes cytotoxic effects both in normal and cancer cells. The purpose of this study was to test whether Hibiscus sabdariffa (HS) extract can reduce CIS-induced hepatotoxicity in rodents and to assess its anticancer activity in vitro. Treatment with HS extract at daily doses of 500 mg/kg before and after a single dose of CIS (10 mg/kg) reduced hepatotoxicity in Wistar male albino rats. HS extract reduced activity of hepatic damage marker enzymes ( i.e. alanine and aspartate aminotransferases), necrosis, and apoptosis in liver tissues of CIS-treated rats. This hepatic protection was associated with reduced oxidative stress in liver tissues. The antioxidant effects of HS were manifested as a normalization of malondialdehyde levels and glutathione levels which were all raised after CIS-induction. In addition, HS treatment resulted in a decrease of catalase, and superoxide dismutase activity. The combined effects of CIS and HS were also studied in two human lung cancer cell lines (A549 and H460). Treatment with HS (20 μg /mL) enhanced the cytotoxic activity of CIS both in A549 and H460 cell lines. Interestingly, HS increased CIS-induced apoptosis and oxidative stress more clearly in A549 cells indicating that HS extract in combination with CIS could increase the efficacy of CIS in the treatment of cancer.

Original languageEnglish
Article number115148
JournalBiomedicine and Pharmacotherapy
Volume165
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2023

Keywords

  • Cisplatin
  • Hepatotoxicity
  • Hibiscus sabdariffa
  • Lung cancer cells
  • Oxidative stress
  • Rats

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology

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