Hidden panel cointegration

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    30 Citations (Scopus)


    This paper focuses on an important empirical and methodological research question, namely possibly asymmetric and hence nonlinear cointegrating relationships between variables. It extends the Granger and Yoon (2002) method on hidden cointegration for time series data to a panel data framework. Solutions are provided for transforming the panel data variables with deterministic as well as stochastic trend parts into partial cumulative sums for positive and negative components. The transformed data can then be used to test for the long run relationship between the underlying components. The proposed method is applied to a small panel of three Scandinavian countries examining the presence of a long-term relationship between government consumption and economic growth based on quarterly data. First, the standard method that does not allow for asymmetry was implemented. The results do not provide evidence of a long-term relationship between the two variables. However, the results based on the tests suggested in this paper indicate that the underlying variables are indeed related in the long run. Thus, it might be important to separate the impact of positive shocks from the negative ones when the long run relationships between panel data variables are investigated.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)507-510
    Number of pages4
    JournalJournal of King Saud University - Science
    Issue number1
    Publication statusPublished - Jan 2020


    • Asymmetry
    • Cointegration
    • Government consumption
    • Output
    • Panel data
    • Scandinavia
    • Testing

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • General


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