Horizontal logistics collaboration success factors: expectations versus reality

Ismail Badraoui, Ivo A.M.C. van der Lans, Youssef Boulaksil, Jack G.A.J. van der Vorst

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Purpose: This study aims to compare the expectations of non-collaborating professionals and the actual opinions of collaborating professionals regarding success factors of horizontal logistics collaboration (HLC) and investigates the reasons behind the observed differences. Design/methodology/approach: This study employs a mixed-method approach. First, a survey is conducted to collect data from two samples representing collaborating and non-collaborating industry professionals. Second, confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) is used to compare the measurement models from the two samples and identify their similarities and differences. Third, a Delphi study is conducted to identify factors limiting collaborative behavior. Findings: The results show that collaborating professionals exhibit lower levels of joint relationship efforts and trust than expected. This is primarily due to inadequate information sharing, poor collaboration formalization and the absence of a clear costs and benefits allocation mechanism. Practical implications: The findings indicate that, in HLC, managers should give high importance to facilitating timely and complete information exchange, putting in place an acceptable costs/benefits allocation mechanism, formalizing the collaboration and prioritizing integrity over competency when selecting partners. Originality/value: To the best of the authors’ knowledge, this is the first study that shows the existence of differences between industry professionals' pre-collaboration expectations and the actual experiences in HLC. This is also the first study that points to the exact HLC enablers that fail in practice and the barriers responsible for it.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)29-52
Number of pages24
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 9 2024
Externally publishedYes


  • Confirmatory factor analysis
  • Delphi study
  • Horizontal logistics collaboration
  • Success factors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Business and International Management


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