How China’s Fengyun Satellite Precipitation Product Compares with Other Mainstream Satellite Precipitation Products

Zhangli Sun, Di Long, Zhongkun Hong, Mohamed A. Hamouda, Mohamed M. Mohamed, Jianhua Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


Satellite-based and reanalysis precipitation estimates are an alternative and important supplement to rain gauge data. However, performance of China’s Fengyun (FY) satellite precipitation product and how it compares with other mainstream satellite and reanalysis precipitation products over China remain largely unknown. Here five satellite-based precipitation products (i.e., FY-2 precipitation product, IMERG, GSMaP, CMORPH, and PERSIANN-CDR) and one reanalysis product (i.e., ERA5) are intercompared and evaluated based on in situ daily precipitation measurements over mainland China during 2007–17. Results show that the performance of these precipitation products varies with regions and seasons, with better statistical metrics over wet regions and during warm seasons. The infrared–microwave combined precipitation [i.e., IMERG, GSMaP, and CMORPH, with median KGE (Kling–Gupta efficiency) values of 0.53, 0.52, 0.59, respectively] reveals better performance than the infrared-based only product (i.e., PERSIANN-CDR, with a median KGE of 0.31) and the reanalysis product (i.e., ERA5, with a median KGE of 0.43). IMERG performs well in retrieving precipitation intensity and occurrence over China, while GSMaP performs well in the middle to low reaches of the Yangtze River basin but poorly over sparsely gauged regions, e.g., Xinjiang in northwest China and the Tibetan Plateau. CMORPH performs well over most regions and has a greater ability to detect precipitation events than GSMaP. The FY-2 precipitation product can capture the overall spatial distribution of precipitation in terms of both precipitation intensity and occurrence (median KGE and CSI of 0.54 and 0.55), and shows better performance than other satellite precipitation products in winter and over sparsely gauged regions. Annual precipitation from different products is generally consistent, though underestimation exists in the FY-2 precipitation product during 2015–17.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)785-806
Number of pages22
JournalJournal of Hydrometeorology
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - May 2022


  • Hydrometeorology
  • Precipitation
  • Satellite observations

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atmospheric Science


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