Hydrogen sulfide: A versatile gaseous molecule in plants

Yamshi Arif, Shamsul Hayat, Mohammad Yusuf, Andrzej Bajguz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

60 Citations (Scopus)


Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) is a gasotransmitter and signaling molecule associated with seed germination, plant growth, organogenesis, photosynthesis, stomatal conductance, senescence, and post-harvesting. H2S is produced in plants via both enzymatic and non-enzymatic pathways in different subcellular compartments. Exogenous application of H2S facilitates versatile metabolic processes and antioxidant machinery in plants under normal and environmental stresses. This compound interacts with phytohormones like auxins, abscisic acid, gibberellins, ethylene, jasmonic acid, and salicylic acid. Furthermore, H2S participates in signal transductions of other signaling molecules like nitric oxide, carbon monoxide, calcium, methylglyoxal, and hydrogen peroxide. It also mediates post-translational modification, which is a protective mechanism against oxidative damage of proteins. This review summarizes the roles of H2S as intriguing molecule in plants.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)372-384
Number of pages13
JournalPlant Physiology and Biochemistry
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2021


  • Antioxidant
  • Biosynthesis
  • Crosstalk
  • Development
  • Growth
  • Stress tolerance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Genetics
  • Plant Science


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