Hydrogeological aspects of groundwater drainage of the urban areas in Kuwait City

Muhammad F. Al-Rashed, Mohsen M. Sherif

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)


Residential areas in Kuwait City have witnessed a dramatic rise in subsurface water tables over the last three decades. This water rise phenomenon is attributed mainly to over irrigation practices of private gardens along with leakage from domestic and sewage networks. This paper presents a comprehensive study for urban drainage in two selected areas representing the two hydrogeological settings encountered in Kuwait City. In the first area, a vertical drainage scheme was applied successfully over an area of 1 km2. The system has been under continuous operation and monitoring for more than 4 years without problems, providing a permanent solution for the water rise problem in this area. The hydrogeological system has approached steady state conditions and the water levels have dropped to about 3·5 m below the ground surface. In the second area a dual drainage scheme, composing of horizontal and vertical elements, is proposed. Horizontal elements are suggested in the areas where the deep groundwater contains hazardous gases that may pose environmental problems. The proposed drainage scheme in the second area has not yet been implemented. Field tests were conducted to assess the aquifer parameters in both areas and a numerical model has been developed to predict the long-term response of the hydrogeological system in the two areas under consideration.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)777-795
Number of pages19
JournalHydrological Processes
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Apr 15 2001
Externally publishedYes


  • Numerical modelling
  • Pumping tests
  • Residential areas
  • Vertical and horizontal drainage
  • Water table rise

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Water Science and Technology


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