Hypothalamic hamartomas (HH) are rare, non-neoplastic heterotopic tissues which contains normal neurons and glia including oligodendrocytes and fibrillary astrocytes but in an abnormal distribution. They arise from the floor of the third ventricle, tuber cinereum, or mammillary bodies. Estimated incidence ranges from 1 in 50,000 to 1 in 1,000,000. Hypothalamic hamartomas are associated with different clinical presentations including various types of seizures, most characteristically; the gelastic seizures, precocious puberty, cognitive impairment and behavioral changes. In this review, the authors discuss the recent advancements in different modalities of radiotherapy and their application in hypothalamic hamartomas management.
- Gamma knife surgery (GKS)
- Laser interstitial thermal therapy (LITT) / Stereotactic laser ablation (SLA)
- Linear accelerator stereotactic radiosurgery (LINAC)
- Stereotactic radiofrequency thermoregulation (SRT)
- Stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS)
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology