Identification of public health priorities, barriers, and solutions for Kuwait using the modified Delphi method for stakeholder consensus

Janvier Gasana, Harri Vainio, Joseph Longenecker, Tom Loney, Balázs Ádám, Mustafa Al-Zoughool

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


The rapid modernization and economic developments in Kuwait, have been accompanied by substantial lifestyle changes such as unhealthy diet and physical inactivity. These modifiable behaviours have contributed to increased rates of non-communicable diseases including diabetes and cardiovascular diseases. Delphi Consensus Method was implemented in the current study to draw stakeholders from all sectors together to develop a consensus on the major public health priorities, barriers and solutions. The process involves administration of a series of questions to selected stakeholders through an iterative process that ends when a consensus has been reached among participants. Results of the iteration process identified obesity, diabetes, cardiovascular diseases along with lack of enforcement of laws and regulation as priority health issues. Results also identified lack of national vision for the development of a public health system, lack of multidisciplinary research investigating sources of disease and methods of prevention and improving efficiency with existing resources in implementation and efficiency as the main barriers identified were. Solutions suggested included investing in healthcare prevention, strengthening communication between all involved sectors through intersectoral collaboration, awareness at the primary healthcare setting and use of electronic health records. The results offer an important opportunity for stakeholders in Kuwait to tackle these priority health issues employing the suggested approaches and solution.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1830-1846
Number of pages17
JournalInternational Journal of Health Planning and Management
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2021


  • Delphi consensus method
  • intersectoral research
  • Kuwait
  • non-communicable diseases
  • policies implementation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Policy


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