Identifying a gene knockout strategy using a hybrid of the bat algorithm and flux balance analysis to enhance the production of succinate and lactate in Escherichia coli

Pooi San Chua, Abdul Hakim Mohamed Salleh, Mohd Saberi Mohamad, Safaai Deris, Sigeru Omatu, Michifumi Yoshioka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The current problem for metabolic engineering is how to identify a suitable set of genes for knockout that can improve the production of certain metabolites and sustain the growth rate from the thousands of metabolic networks which are complex and combinatorial. Some approaches, such as OptKnock and OptGene, are developed to enhance the production of desired metabolites. However, the performances of these approaches are suboptimal and the obtained results are unsatisfactory because of computational limitations such as local minima. In this paper, we propose a hybrid of Bat Algorithm and Flux Balance Analysis (BATFBA) to enhance succinate and lactate production by identifying a set of genes for knock out. The Bat Algorithm is an optimisation algorithm, whereas Flux Balance Analysis (FBA) is a mathematical approach to analyse the flow of metabolites through a metabolic network. The Escherichia coli iJR904 dataset was used to determine optimal knockout genes, production rate, and growth rate. By applying this hybrid method to the iJR904 dataset, we found that BATFBA yielded better results than existing methods, such as OptKnock and a hybrid of Artificial Bee Colony algorithms and Flux Balance Analysis (ABCFBA), at predicting succinate and lactate production.

Original languageEnglish
Article number19
Pages (from-to)349-357
Number of pages9
JournalBiotechnology and Bioprocess Engineering
Volume20
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 22 2015
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • artificial intelligence
  • bat algorithm
  • bioinformatics
  • Escherichia coli
  • flux balance analysis
  • gene knockout strategy
  • lactate
  • metabolic engineering
  • succinate

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Bioengineering
  • Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
  • Biomedical Engineering

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