Immobilization of Cyclodextrin glycosyltransferase onto three dimensional- hydrophobic and two dimensional- hydrophilic supports: A comparative study

Babatunde A. Ogunbadejo, Khawla A. Aljahoushi, Ahmed Alzamly, Yaser E. Greish, Sulaiman Al-Zuhair

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Cyclodextrin glycosyltransferase (CGTase) degrades starch into cyclodextrin via enzymatic activity. In this study, we immobilize CGTase from Thermoanaerobacter sp. on two supports, namely graphene nanoplatelets (GNP) consisting of short stacks of graphene nanoparticles and a calcium-based two-dimensional metal organic framework (Ca-TMA). The uptakes of CGTase on GNP and Ca-TMA reached 40 and 21 mg g−1 respectively, but immobilized CGTase on Ca-TMA showed a higher specific activity (38 U mg−1) than that on GNP (28 U mg−1). Analysis of secondary structures of CGTase, shows that immobilization reduces the proportion of β-sheets in CGTase from 56% in the free to 49% and 51.3% for GNP and Ca-TMA respectively, α-helix from 38.5% to 18.1 and 37.5%, but led to increased β-turns from 5.5 to 40% and 11.2% for GNP and Ca-TMA, respectively. Lower levels of conformational changes were observed over the more hydrophilic Ca-TMA compared to hydrophobic GNP, resulting in its better activity. Increased β-turns were found to correlate with lower β-CD production, while more β-sheets and α-helix favored more β-CD. Reusability studies revealed that GNP retains up to 74% of initial CGTase activity, while Ca-TMA dropped to 33% after eight consecutive uses. The results obtained in this work provide insight on the effect of support's surface properties on CGTase performance and can assist in developing robust CGTase-based biocatalysts for industrial application.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2300195
JournalBiotechnology Journal
Volume19
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2024

Keywords

  • cyclodextrin
  • cyclodextrin glycosyltransferase (CGTase)
  • enzyme immobilization
  • graphene
  • metal–organic framework

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
  • Molecular Medicine

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