This study demonstrates the presence and distribution of atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) pancreastatin (PST), leucine-enkephalin (Leu-ENK), galanin (GAL), and insulin in the pig pancreas. The effects of PST, ANP, Leu- ENK, and GAL on protein and amylase secretion were also investigated to determine their functional role in the control of pancreatic secretion. PST- immunoreactive cells were observed in the islet of Langerhans and in the wall of the ducts. Leu-ENK-immunopositive cells were observed in both the endo- and exocrine pancreas. It is colocalized with insulin in the islet of Langerhans. ANP immunoreactivity was discernible in nerve fibers and cells of the exocrine pancreas. GAL-immunopositive cells were observed in close association with insulin-positive cells in the islets of Langerhans and in the exocrine pancreas. Stimulation of isolated pancreatic segments with either ANP or Leu-ENK resulted in increased protein secretion and amylase output. The Leu-ENK-evoked amylase secretion was antagonized by naloxone. Pancreastatin was effective at all concentrations, but low concentration had more marked secretory effects whereas GAL failed to evoke any significant increases in either protein or amylase secretion. The results of the study have demonstrated a close association of peptidergic fibers with the secretory cells of the pancreas. The nerve fibers can release peptides that in turn can stimulate protein and amylase secretion.
- Atrial natriuretic peptide
- Leucine enkephalin
- Porcine pancreas
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience