A national Irrigation Improvement Project (IIP) in Egypt was initiated in 1984 after the USAID allocated the required funds to implement the project in eleven command areas. Since then, the project has been extended to other areas, among which is E1-Mahmoudia area of 280,000 Feddans (117,600 ha). This study aims at investigating the major expected impacts of the project and to high-light any recommendations and/or measures to be taken before, during, and after its implementation. A key element to implement such study was the development of a numerical approach, capable of quantifying the unrecorded re-circulated irrigation water, so that the water balance can be adjusted accordingly. The calculations have shown that the project has minimal effect on two major drains and consequently on their intercepting lakes. The developed approach has represented a simple and practical tool to implement a reasonable evaluation of different of different scenarios for the project future impacts.
- Downstream control gates
- Impact assessment
- Irrigation improvement project
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Civil and Structural Engineering
- Water Science and Technology