Impact of aluminium acetate particles size on the gelation kinetics of polyacrylamide-based gels: Rheological and molecular simulation study

Ahmed Hamza, Mohamed Shamlooh, Ibnelwaleed A. Hussein, Mustafa S. Nasser, Abdulmujeeb T. Onawole, Musaab Magzoub, Saeed Salehi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Inorganically crosslinked polymers have been intensively implemented for conformance control treatments in oil and gas wells at low temperatures (<90°C) because of their faster gelation time compared to organically crosslinked gels. Crosslinkers such as chromium acetate are known to be toxic, and aluminium-based alternatives have been introduced. This study aims to investigate the impact of aluminium acetate (AlAc) particle size on the gelation kinetics of polyacrylamide (PAM)-based gels at a pH of 5 and temperature of 75°C. Moreover, bentonite is used as an additive to delay the crosslinking of PAM/AlAc gels. Reducing the particle size increases the specific surface area of the particles and provides more crosslinking sites. Therefore, lower PAM concentrations (up to 5 wt.%) could be used without AlAc settling. Using 7 wt.% PAM/1 wt.% AlAc with sizes of 25 and 48 μm revealed a crosslinking time of 17 and 115 min, respectively. The addition of bentonite at low crosslinker concentrations (0.5–1 wt.%) did not decrease the gel strength of 7 wt.% PAM/1 wt.% AlAc significantly. The gelation time was extended after adding 1 wt.% bentonite to the formulation where the delay was attributed to the adsorption of AlAc on the bentonite surface that was illustrated by molecular simulation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1169-1177
Number of pages9
JournalCanadian Journal of Chemical Engineering
Volume100
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2022
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • aluminium acetate
  • conformance control
  • crosslinking
  • gelation
  • polyacrylamide

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemical Engineering

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