Impact of coronavirus 2019 pandemic on post-traumatic stress disorder symptoms among pregnant women in Jordan

Mo’ath F. Bataineh, Maysm N. Mohamad, Ayesha S. Al Dhaheri, Monketh Rawashdeh, Ali M. Al-Nawaiseh, Fida F. Asali, Mona Hashim, Amjad Jarrar, Dima O. Abu Jamous, Lily Stojanovska, Rameez Al Daour, Sheima T. Saleh, Tareq M. Osaili, Leila Cheikh Ismail

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


Objective: To examine the prevalence of psychological symptoms of the coronavirus disease 2019 outbreak among pregnant women and its association with gestational age and post-traumatic stress disorder symptoms. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted between June and November 2020 to assess the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on mental health in pregnancy using the Impact of Event Scale-Revised. Pregnant women 18 years and older were recruited from antenatal and obstetrics clinics in Jordan. A total of 481 pregnant women participated in an online survey developed on Google Forms. A self-administered structured questionnaire was used to collect sociodemographic data, mental health information, and lifestyle changes. The Impact of Event Scale-Revised, the Perceived Support Scale, and the Mental Health Lifestyle Scale were administered. Variables related to sociodemographic information and dietary behavior and perception during the COVID-19 pandemic were also assessed. Results: The results showed that 58.6% of pregnant women reported the presence of post-traumatic stress disorder symptoms and women in the second trimester were more likely to show post-traumatic stress disorder symptoms compared with the first and third trimesters (p = 0.001). Moreover, a higher level of education, employment, poor dietary habits, and changes due to the pandemic were significantly associated with the Impact of Event Scale-Revised score and the presence of post-traumatic stress disorder symptoms. Conclusion: The COVID-19 pandemic was associated with high rates of psychological distress among pregnant women. Identifying mothers at risk of post-traumatic stress disorder symptoms may help improve maternity services and prevent adverse child outcomes.

Original languageEnglish
JournalWomen's Health
Publication statusPublished - 2022


  • COVID-19 pandemic
  • Jordan
  • post-traumatic stress disorder symptoms
  • pregnancy
  • psychological distress

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine


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