Impact of heated triangular ribs on hydrodynamic forces in a rectangular domain with heated elliptic cylinder: Finite element analysis

Khalil Ur Rehman, Qasem M. Al-Mdallal, Iskander Tlili, M. Y. Malik

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

36 Citations (Scopus)


The heat transfer in flowing liquid stream towards confined geometries having natural or man-made obstacles offers complex mathematical constraints at the heated body-liquid stream interface. Therefore, to appraise the heat transfer in liquid stream with installed obstacles particularly in terms of hydrodynamic forces remains a topic of great interest for the researchers. Owing such interest, the present article contains the extended evaluation of hydrodynamic forces in a flowing liquid stream with heat transfer individualities. To be more, the Newtonian liquid stream is initiated with the parabolic velocity profile at an inlet of partially heated rectangular channel. The heated elliptic shaped cylinder is placed fixed in between channel as an obstacle. The heated triangular ribs are installed case-wise namely (i) channel without ribs (ii) heated triangular rib at lower wall (iii) heated triangular rib at upper wall (iv) heated triangular rib at both upper and lower walls. The presence of heated triangular ribs as an obstacles modifies the endpoint conditions and hence the developed flow narrating differential system cannot be solved exactly. Therefore, the most trustful numerical method named finite element method with LBB-stable finite element pair is utilized to report acceptable solution in terms of streamlines and isotherms contour plots. The hydrodynamic forces are evaluated for each case by adopting line integration around outer surface of heated elliptic obstacle. It is noticed that when the heated triangular rib is installed on both upper and lower channel walls, the drag coefficient is found considerably high.

Original languageEnglish
Article number104501
JournalInternational Communications in Heat and Mass Transfer
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2020


  • Finite element method
  • Heat transfer
  • Heated elliptic obstacle
  • Hybrid meshing
  • Uniformly heated triangular ribs

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • General Chemical Engineering
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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