Impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the well-being of preschoolers: A parental guide

Gunjan Khera, Ratna Chandrika Yelisetty, Gavin Malcolm Spence, Waala Dhafer Masoud Hadi AlAhbabi, Vanessa Baaba Dadzie

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


Unexpected changes brought about by the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) have affected humans worldwide. This review attempts to address major parental concerns about the development of preschool-aged children during the pandemic from the perspectives of neuropsychology, consultation, and motor development for preschoolers aged 2–5 years. Methods: A total of 273 articles including original data, review articles, national and regional perspectives, government websites, and commentaries were considered in this review, of which 117 manuscripts were excluded because they were unrelated to children, adolescents, or COVID -19 pandemic/upper respiratory infections. A total of 156 manuscripts were included after reading the abstract and entire article. Results: Telehealth could be an effective tool for addressing cognitive and emotional challenges that arise during the pandemic. Online consultations are highlighted for nutritional guidelines and to overcome problems that parents face when caring for children in difficult times. Outdoor activities using sanitisers, proper cleanliness, and following standard operating procedures are recommended. Parental preoccupation with media should be avoided. Interpretation: Many preschoolers show delays in reaching their developmental milestones, and the pandemic has increased parents' concerns, as access to practitioners is limited. Therefore, parents should be encouraged to undergo neuropsychological consultations whenever necessary. This study emphasises important strategies to ensure that children's development is minimally affected while staying in the confined environment of their homes. This study serves as a new guide for parents, as they raise young children in the new normal. Parents should undergo basic yearly physical, neuropsychological, nutritional, and speech checkups.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere14332
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2023


  • Development
  • Neuropsychological wellbeing
  • Nutrition
  • Physical activity
  • Preschoolers
  • Pretend play
  • Technological support
  • Younger children

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General


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