Impacts of turmeric and its principal bioactive curcumin on human health: Pharmaceutical, medicinal, and food applications: A comprehensive review

Mohamed T. El-Saadony, Tao Yang, Sameh A. Korma, Mahmoud Sitohy, Taia A. Abd El-Mageed, Samy Selim, Soad K. Al Jaouni, Heba M. Salem, Yasser Mahmmod, Soliman M. Soliman, Shaimaa A.A. Mo’men, Walid F.A. Mosa, Nahed A. El-Wafai, Hamed E. Abou-Aly, Basel Sitohy, Mohamed E. Abd El-Hack, Khaled A. El-Tarabily, Ahmed M. Saad

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

32 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The yellow polyphenolic pigment known as curcumin, originating from the rhizome of the turmeric plant Curcuma longa L., has been utilized for ages in ancient medicine, as well as in cooking and food coloring. Recently, the biological activities of turmeric and curcumin have been thoroughly investigated. The studies mainly focused on their antioxidant, antitumor, anti-inflammatory, neuroprotective, hepatoprotective, and cardioprotective impacts. This review seeks to provide an in-depth, detailed discussion of curcumin usage within the food processing industries and its effect on health support and disease prevention. Curcumin’s bioavailability, bio-efficacy, and bio-safety characteristics, as well as its side effects and quality standards, are also discussed. Finally, curcumin’s multifaceted uses, food appeal enhancement, agro-industrial techniques counteracting its instability and low bioavailability, nanotechnology and focused drug delivery systems to increase its bioavailability, and prospective clinical use tactics are all discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1040259
JournalFrontiers in Nutrition
Volume9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 10 2023

Keywords

  • bioavailability
  • cancer
  • curcumin
  • dietary additives
  • herbal treatment
  • metabolism
  • polyphenolic pigment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Impacts of turmeric and its principal bioactive curcumin on human health: Pharmaceutical, medicinal, and food applications: A comprehensive review'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this