Improving TCP performance over mobile ad hoc networks

Ahmad Dalal'ah, Samir Bataineh, Awos O. Kan'an

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The transmission control protocol (TCP) was designed to provide reliable end-to-end delivery of data over unreliable networks. Most TCP implementations have been carefully optimised to operate in wired networks. Deploying standard TCP in wireless mobile ad hoc networks (MANETs) can lead to poor performance of TCP. The main problem that faces TCP in ad hoc networks is its inability to distinguish between packet losses due to congestion and those due to route failures. In order to adapt TCP to MANET environment, several TCP improvements that differentiate between different types of packet losses using explicit notification messages from lower layers have been proposed. In this paper, we propose a new end-to-end technique that does not require any participation from intermediate nodes within the network. The proposed scheme relies on expanding the retransmission timeout (RTO) interval in order to reduce the number of timeouts that do not result from congestion. Simulation results show that our scheme can improve TCP throughput and delay. It outperformed the standard TCP in detailed simulation experiments.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)137-159
Number of pages23
JournalInternational Journal of Internet Technology and Secured Transactions
Issue number1-2
Publication statusPublished - 2010


  • AODV
  • Ad hoc networks
  • Ad-hoc on-demand distance vector
  • Congestion
  • Performance
  • Reliability
  • Route
  • TCP
  • Transmission control protocol

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science Applications
  • Computer Networks and Communications


Dive into the research topics of 'Improving TCP performance over mobile ad hoc networks'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this