In-depth metabolic study of nonsteroidal selective androgen receptor modulator GSK2881078 in thoroughbred horses and horse liver microsomes for doping control

Tajudheen K. Karatt, M. Anwar Sathiq, Saraswathy Laya, Abdul Khader Karakka Kal, Michael Benedict Subhahar, M. P. Muhammed Ajeebsanu, Moses Philip, Marina Rodriguez Caveney, Fatma Mohammed Graiban

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Nonsteroidal selective androgen receptor modulators (SARMs) are a novel class of compounds that have not yet been clinically approved; however, they appear to have a better anabolic/androgenic ratio than steroids and cause slighter side effects. Sports drug testing laboratories are required to maintain continuously updated doping control analytical methods in light of the widespread misuse of SARMs in elite and amateur sports. This paper describes the metabolic conversion of SARM GSK2881078 in thoroughbred horses following oral administration and in vitro with equine liver microsomes. A liquid chromatography–high-resolution mass spectrometry method was used to postulate the plausible structures of the detected metabolites. A total of five (M1–M5) in vivo metabolites and six (M1–M6) in vitro metabolites were detected under experimental conditions. Phase I metabolites mainly result from hydroxylation. Methoxylated and side-chain dissociated metabolites were also detected. Neither sulfonic acid nor glucuronic acid conjugated metabolites were observed in this study. Data reported here could aid in the detection of nonsteroidal SARM GSK2881078 and reveal its illicit use in competitive sports.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)757-768
Number of pages12
JournalDrug Testing and Analysis
Volume15
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2023

Keywords

  • GSK2881078
  • doping control
  • in vitro
  • in vivo
  • mass spectrometry

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Pharmaceutical Science
  • Spectroscopy

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