In-situ synthesis of V2AlC@V2O5/TiO2 immobilized over honeycomb support with vanadium oxide electron transfer mediator for stimulating selective CO2 photoreduction through bi-reforming in a monolith reactor

Muhammad Tahir, Beenish Tahir, Naveen Kumar, Mohamed Al Marzooqi, Mohammad Siraj, Amanullah Fatehmulla

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Photocatalytic CO2 reduction to valuable chemicals and fuels is a practical approach for climate action; however, available photocatalysts and photoreactors are less efficient. In this work, well-designed V2AlC@V2O5 supported TiO2 and immobilized over honeycomb support for CO2 photoreduction in a monolith reactor have been investigated. The catalysts were loaded over the monolithic support using the sol-gel dip-coating method and found promising for higher light absorbance and charge separation. The performance of V2AlC@V2O5/TiO2 composite for photocatalytic CO2 reduction with water and bi-reforming of methanol was performed using a fixed bed and monolith photoreactor. Using V2AlC@V2O5/TiO2 with a fixed bed reactor and methanol–water mixture, a CO yield of 13.75 mmol g−1h−1 was produced, 26.39 and 38.19-fold higher than using water and pristine TiO2, respectively. Similarly, CH4 production was 1.97 and 12.33 folds higher than using water and TiO2 only, whereas, using water, production of H2 was not detected. The higher photoactivity of the composite with methanol was due to efficient photo-induced carrier separation due to the synergistic effect of V2AlC/V2O5 and more production of protons. Using a monolith photoreactor, CH4, CO and H2 production rates of 55.44, 35.51 and 1.638 mmol g−1h−1 were obtained, 166.50, 2.58 and 3.05 times more than those produced using a fixed bed reactor. This significantly higher photoactivity with monolith photoreactor was due to higher photon flux utilization with surface reactions, resulting in more production and utilization of photoinduced charge carriers. The highest QY after five consecutive cycles was 48.374, 25.358 and 1.51 % for CH4, CO and H2, which is 200.5, 2.54 and 3.87 folds higher than using the fixed bed, respectively. This work provides a new approach to designing and fabricating higher efficient and stable photocatalytic system for CO2 recycling, and it can be further employed for other energy-related applications.

Original languageEnglish
Article number131816
JournalFuel
Volume370
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 15 2024

Keywords

  • CO reforming of methanol
  • Monolith photoreactor
  • Photocatalysis
  • Vanadium aluminium carbide MAX
  • Vanadium oxide mediator

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemical Engineering
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Organic Chemistry

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