In vivo cytogenetic studies on rat's bone-marrow cells of structurally related Schiff base complexes

Na'Il Saleh, Omar F. Khabour, Fatima T. Esmadi, Etizaz Al-Kofahi

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11 Citations (Scopus)


The in vivo interactions of structurally-related Ni(II) and Fe(III) Schiff base complexes based on N-(8-quinolyl)salicylaldimine (HL1) and N-(8-quinolyl)napthaldimine (HL2) ligands with DNA molecules in the bone-marrow cells of rats were demonstrated using chromosomal aberrations (CAs) assay. The complexes differ by one aromatic group on the aldehyde site of the Schiff base (basicity or lipophilicity), or by the type of the central metal ions (Ni(II) or Fe(III)). Animals were injected intraperitoneally (i.p) with different concentrations of each drug, and CAs were examined in bone-marrow cells, 15 hours later. A significant increase in the frequency of CAs was induced upon treatment with 15mg / kg weight of L1 complexes (P < 0.001), and not with L2 complexes (P > 0.05). Also, the magnitude of aberrations induced by L1-Ni(II) was higher than that induced by L1-Fe(III) (P < 0.01). The binding data, estimated using UV-Visible absorption technique, showed that the metal binding of HL1 was much greater than that of HL2 and that the affinity of HL 1 towards Ni(II) is higher than that for Fe(III) ions. Thus, the trends in the presented in vivo results signify the important role of complex stability in predicting the clastogenicity of metal-ion-chelating Schiff base drugs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)92-99
Number of pages8
JournalDrug and Chemical Toxicology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2011


  • Bone-marrow cells
  • Chromosome aberrations
  • Complex drug stability
  • In vivo cytogenetic study
  • N-(8-quinolyl)napthaldimine
  • N-(8-quinolyl)salicylaldimine
  • Structure-activity relationship

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Toxicology
  • Pharmacology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
  • Chemical Health and Safety


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